What are the different types of wine
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What Are The Different Types of Wine?

David J Sharp
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In this article we’re going to be discussing the different types of wine that exist, alongside some specific examples of these wines and their qualities.

Wine Ingredients

Wine is a beverage which has inspired a salacious undercurrent amongst many of us. Wine has become our most popular beverages and sometimes we feel bad because of what we have consumed.

The following ingredients are crucial components for our love of the drink. Basically, wine is a sweet beverage which has a lot of punch, fruit flavor, tannin and overall high alcohol content. However, this kind of beverage has a far beginning, an athlete, winemaker and a director, as they say.

However, one of the most important elements when it comes to the wine drinking which determines the success of a wine is the grape varietals and, relates to the flavor, color and taste of the wine.

When pairing wine with food or a special occasion, it turns into a very nuanced experience. This has a lot of alcohol with it and gives full, sophisticated, refined pleasure to your senses.

Types of Wines

Wine type varies from one wine region to the next. We’re going to be discussing some of the main varieties below:

Red Wine

Red wine is made using dark-coloured grape varieties, and the colour of each wine can vary based on the variety used, and the age, with younger red wine having more of a violet shade, unlike the more mature wines which have a red and brown colour.

The majority of red wine each year is made up of a blend of 12 different types of Red Wine which are: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Riesling, Robusta, Sangiovese, Cabernet Franc, Vitis Vinifera or Petite Sirah are among the most common.

They are fermented in oak barrel. This brings out the red color from the skin, and creates that rich, strong taste that immediately develops in your mouth.

Rose Wine

Related to red wine is rose grape. This type of wine blend is made with a wide variety of grapes found all throughout the world, and can be made to be still, semi-sparling or sparkling.

It is available in a wide range of sweetness levels, from the sweet White Zinfandel to the dry Provencal wine.

Black-skinned grapes are the predoninant grape type which is used to make Rose wine, and the grape skin is left in contact with the juice for a short-period of time, which usually lasts from two hours to twenty hours.

White Wine

White wine is a type that is fermented without contact of the grape skin.

It is usually made from ‘white’ grapes, which are actually yellow and green in colour. However, there are some varieties of white wine which are made from grapes which have different coloured skin, for as long as the wort and pulp of these grapes is not stained.

Some of the most common types of white wine include Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Chardonnay.

White wines are considered to be lighter in taste and more refreshing.

Dessert Wine

There is no 100% agreed-on definition of what a desert wine is, however, the common thought it that it is simply a sweet-tasting wine which is paired with a dessert meal.

The sugar content of these types of wine is usually a lot higher than other types of wine.

Some of the popular grape varieties which are used to make dessert wines are Ortega, Muscat and Huxelrebe.

Dry Wine

A dry wine is simply one that has no residual sugar and therefore it isn’t sweet to the taste.

As the fementation process takes place, alcohol is created, and the live yeast consumes sugar which is present within the juice. With dry wines, this process is allowed, unlike with sweeter wines, where the winemaker will stop this fermentation process after a specific period of time, depending on the intended level of sweetness/dryness.

Fruit Wine

The essential ingredient in fruit wine is either fruit, flowers and herbs.

Virtually any fruit/flower/herb can be used within the process, for as long as it can be fermented, but the more common types of fruit wines are Strawberry, Raspberry, Cherry, Plum, Pineapple, Pomegranate, Dandelion and more.

These types of wine are extremely popular in parts of the world such as Africa, India, North America, the Phillippines and Scandinavia.

Fortified Wine

Fortified wine is a wine where a distilled spirit has been added.

Some of the most common spirits to use in fortified wines are Sherry, Port, Brandy, Marsala, Madeira and more.

One of the main reasons why fortified wine was popular, is because of the alcohol/ethanol’s effect in preserving the wine.

Sparkling / Sweet Wine

These are the most well known beverages. Normally, scents associated with sparkling wine are fermented in a liquid. One of the best of this type of wine drinkers is Dessert Wine.

These are made up of sparkling and naturally added sugar.

This type is a sweet wine and goes in the dry, medium to full bodied range.


We hope that this guide has been useful in showing you all of the different types of wine that exist. If you are an aspiring wine collector, you’ll not only need to purchase a collection of wine, but you’ll need somewhere to store it, and more information on how to keep your wine chilled at the right temperature.

Why not take a read of our other helpful resource guides below:

David J Sharp is a wine equipment expert, having previously worked with some of the best wine cooler manufacturers within the USA. Today he works as a full-time wine cooler and wine cellar consultant for small and large clients alike. You can find out more about LoveCraftWines here.

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